Clark B. Hicken, D.D.S., P.C.
312 North Main Street
Spanish Fork, UT 84660
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Many people often wonder exactly what are canker sores?
Canker sores, also known as Aphthous Ulcers, are small lesions that occur inside the mouth, and are not contagious.
Canker sores do not develop on the external surfaces of the lips and are not to be confused with coldsores.
Canker sores may be classified as:
Canker sores may become painful, especially when eating, drinking, and talking.
We know what canker sores are, but the exact cause is still unknown. Women statistically suffer from canker sores more often than men. Canker sores are typically seen in people between the ages of 10 and 40, although they have been known to show up at any age.
There is reason to believe that certain types of bacteria and/or viruses are responsible for the painful mouth sores. Canker sores are not contagious and are not related to the herpes simplex virus, also known as cold sores.
Canker sores are caused by:
There are canker sore treatments and remedies that help ease pain, discomfort and possibly speed the healing process.
At-home treatment for minor canker sores include:
Canker sores that are classified as major, or are considered herpetiform canker sores, may require treatment from your dentist. Common methods used to treat more serious canker sores include:
Dexamethasone suspension (liquid) may be prescribed for use as an oral rinse with instruction to fully spit out after a determined time.
Keep in mind that even though they are painful, canker sores tend to heal well on their own. Consult your dentist when canker sores do not heal after 14 days, are accompanied by a fever, or appear to be infected.
A.D.A.M. "Canker Sores"
A.D.A.M. "Canker Sore Treatment"
American Dental Association. Oral Health Topics - "Mouth Sores"
Colgate World Care. Oral & Dental Health Basics - "What are Canker and Mouth Sores?"
WordNet - Princeton University Cognitive Science Laboratory - "Milk of Magnesia"
Beyond Allergy. "Allergies to Metal in the Mouth" May 8, 2007.
Herlofson BB. Barkvoll P. "Sodium lauryl sulfate and recurrent aphthous ulcers. A preliminary study." Acta Odontol Scand 1994: 52: 257-259. Oslo. ISSN 0001-6357.
NYU Langone Medical Center. "Aphthous Ulcers"